Recommending relevant classes for bug reports using multi-objective search


Developers may follow a tedious process to find the cause of a bug based on code reviews and reproducing the abnormal behavior. In this paper, we propose an automated approach to finding and ranking potential classes with the respect to the probability of containing a bug based on a bug report description. Our approach finds a good balance between minimizing the number of recommended classes and maximizing the relevance of the proposed solution using a multi-objective optimization algorithm. The relevance of the recommended classes (solution) is estimated based on the use of the history of changes and bugfixing, and the lexical similarity between the bug report description and the API documentation. We evaluated our system on 6 open source Java projects, using the version of the project before fixing the bug of many bug reports. The experimental results show that the search-based approach significantly outperforms three state-of-the-art methods in recommending relevant files for bug reports. In particular, our multi-objective approach is able to successfully locate the true buggy methods within the top 10 recommendations for over 87% of the bug reports.

2016 31st IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE)
Ali Ouni
Ali Ouni
Associate Professor

Research interests software refactoring and quality.